To survive in a dangerous animal world, each species needs to equip themselves with appropriate survival skills. Many species have chosen to evolve to become “gunners”, specializing in remote attacks instead of “leaf armor” battles to deal with prey.
Fish archers – shoot accurately bait up to 2m
Archery fish is the nickname of the pompano, the scientific name is Toxotidae. This family of fish consists of 7 species, distributed in the Indian Ocean and Pacific waters.
This is the most formidable gunner of the animal world because of its ability to accurately shoot prey up to 2m away – a distance 10 times larger than the body length less than 20cm. Archers often swim and observe insects and small animals on branches near the water. After that, they will gently approach and defeat the prey.
With a specially formed mouth, archery fish can utilize the dynamics of water to create spray force. Specifically, it adjusted the velocity and shape of the jet of water sprayed in the air, creating a flow of water with force 6 times the force of the jaw muscle. They can even estimate the weight of their prey to use the right amount of water, which helps them to be effective and still effective.
This spray can easily shoot prey that is sitting on the tree and falls on the water. The rest is simply swimming and “cup”.
Chameleon – catch prey lies 1.5 times more than the body length
Chameleon is one of the top assassins, likened to the small animal ninja world. Not only talented disguise “naturalization”, deceiving the enemy, the chameleon also possesses a very dangerous remote attack weapon, that is the tongue.
The attack with the tongue is fast, powerful and amazingly accurate. By using high-speed video and X-ray film, two Dutch biologists calculated the tongue of the chameleon rushing out of its mouth at speeds of up to 6m / s. It can catch prey located farther than 1.5 body length.
They also found that the lizard’s tongue accelerated from 0 to 6m/s in about 20 ms (milliseconds), so fast that it did not follow the general vital energy rules in muscles. Until now, scientists have yet to explain this extraordinary “tongue-thrust” mechanism.
In addition to skills such as good swimming, superior tree climbing, body discoloration and especially stereoscopic eyes with independently rotating pupils, the chameleon has a wide range of views. It can be said that chameleon converges almost full of elements of an ideal assassin.