India is ready to host the thirteenth assembly of the convention of events (COP13) to the conference at the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) in Gandhinagar from February 15 to 22.
The session is all set to witness the inclusion of ten new species for protection under the CMS.
Indian species added to the protected listing
The spotlight for India is that among the ten species to be delivered, there are three Indian species, viz., Asian Elephant, Bengal Florican, and the superb Indian Bustard. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be attending the outlet of the main occasion of COP13 on Monday, February 17.
With round 250 surviving people, both Bengal Florican and notable Indian Bustard are severely endangered species as according to the worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) crimson listing. Asian Elephants, on the ther hand, are categorised as endangered and have a complete population of less than 50,000—greater than half of whom stay in India.
All through their annual migratory route or corridors, these species face numerous threats like human-flora and fauna struggle, extreme climate activities, habitat fragmentation and landscape changes. Further to those, different species to be delivered to the safety list are Jaguar, Urial, Little Bustard, Antipodean Albatross, Oceanic White-tip Shark, smooth Hammerhead Shark and Tope Shark.
Union environment Minister, Dr Harsh Vardhan stated on Friday that hosting of 13th COP would permit India to showcase its conservation tasks for plant and animal species. “It’ll offer a global platform for deliberations at the conservation and sustainable use of migratory wild animals and their habitat,” stated Dr Vardhan.
The CMS is an environmental treaty of the United countries for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. The convention lists the migratory species which are threatened with extinction. The member international locations are obligated to defend the listed species at some stage in their range.
At gift, 173 species from round the sector have observed safety beneath the conference via being a part of Appendix 1 of the CMS. The member parties are liable for holding or restoring the locations these species stay, mitigating barriers to migration and controlling different elements that might endanger them.
India has been a party to the convention given that 1983. The COP13 in Gandhinagar is expected to be attended by means of representatives from 129 countries which are events to the conference in conjunction with eminent conservationists and international companies running inside the subject of natural world conservation.
Migratory species flow from one habitat at particular seasons for food, sunlight, weather and many different motives. The motion among habitats can from time to time exceed heaps of miles/kilometres for some migratory birds and mammals and can range from several nations to continents. A migratory path can involve nesting and also calls for the provision of habitats earlier than and after each migration.
India affords brief shelter to several migratory species which includes Amur Falcons, Bar-headed ducks, Black-necked cranes, Marine turtles, Dugongs, Humpbacked Whales. The Indian sub-continent is also part of a giant fowl flyway community, i.e., the valuable Asian Flyway (CAF) that covers as a minimum 279 populations of 182 migratory waterbird species, which include 29 globally threatened species.